If you have been an office worker for a while, you know the possible effects of prolonged sitting and poor posture. Over time, they can cause increased stress to the back, neck, arms, legs, and spine, leading to recurring pains.
If you have been looking for a solution to the discomfort, you probably have already considered upgrading your office chair. And perhaps you have come across different movement capability features, specifically tilt and recline.
But how do they differ?
Which is more suitable for you, and why use one or the other?
In this article, we will be comparing office chair tilt vs. recline. We will discuss their features and help you decide which one works best for you.
Well, let’s get right to it!
Table of Contents
- What is an office chair tilt?
- What is a reclining office chair?
- Should an office chair recline?
- Why do office chairs tilt?
- What is chair tilt-type?
- Side by Side Comparison: Is tilt the same as recline?
- Comparison Summary
What is an office chair tilt?
Tilt pertains to the backward sloping movement of a chair. There is also a forward tilt mechanism that adjusts the angle of the seat and allows the user to sit closer to the edge of the seat pan.
Tilting office chairs have knobs or levers that let you control the tension of the tilt or the amount of force you need to make the chair lean. They also have a tilt lock feature that allows you to fix the angle of the tilt or lock the chair in an upright position.
What is a reclining office chair?
A reclining office chair is an ergonomic chair that allows you to lock the reclining position at varying angles, usually up to 155 degrees. It offers a more comfortable lumbar support than a chair with only a tilt feature.
Most reclining office chairs come with a headrest that helps protect your spine and neck and a footrest that supports your calves and reduces strain on your legs.
Should an office chair recline?
Yes, an office chair should offer lower back support to avoid the discomfort that can result from bad sitting posture.
According to a 2006 study conducted by Canadian and Scottish researchers, the ideal angle for reclining is 135 degrees as it provides ample spine support. However, one researcher pointed out that the recommended reclined position should be 120 degrees or less.
There is not a single correct reclining angle, though, as it still varies per person.
Office workers spend around 65% of their day seated, and a proper stretch from a reclining chair can help reduce neck tension, poor blood circulation, and back pain.
Why do office chairs tilt?
In general, office chairs tilt to promote proper seating posture and alignment.
They tilt to reduce the pressure on muscles and discs, thereby allowing you to reduce the strain on your back. Tilting also provides means for users to shift weights or adjust their sitting position.
What is chair tilt-type?
Chair tilting motions may appear all the same. However, there are different ways chairs tilt, dictated by the mechanism they use.
Mechanism pertains to the mechanical component attached to the underside of your chair, which provides functionality and adjustment features.
Below are the five most common chair tilt mechanisms:
Swivel or Center Tilt
The swivel tilt-type is perhaps the cheapest and most commonly used mechanism in office chairs.
The angle of the backrest and the seat remains the same when you lean back. It is because the point at which the chair reclines is right underneath the center of the chair.
With swivel tilts, your knees and feet come up when you rock back, making it the least optimal for ergonomic positions. However, they usually come with tension adjustment and tilt lock features.
They offer the smallest amount of functionality, which makes them the least expensive option.
With a knee tilt mechanism, the point of recline moves from the center to just behind your knees. Unlike the swivel tilt, the knee tilt mechanism keeps your knees from going up when you lean back, providing more comfort and less tension to your legs.
It also comes with functionalities such as tension adjustment and tilt lock.
An office chair with a multifunction mechanism is similar to the swivel tilt-type with regards to the point at which the chair leans back. However, unlike the swivel and the knee tilt, this mechanism allows you to lock the tilt of the chair at different angles.
In a multifunction mechanism, the backrest tilts separately from the seat pan, so you can customize the angle of both components for the most comfortable sitting position. It supports working in a highly reclined position as the seat can also be locked in when you tilt the backrest backward.
This mechanism also allows you to lock the chair in a forward tilt position.
Usually found in higher-end gaming chairs, multifunction tilting offers the best level of ergonomics.
In ergonomic chairs with a synchro-tilt mechanism, the backrest and seat pan are connected, but they tilt independently of each other when you lean back. The design makes it easier to recline but does not have a rocking motion, making it more suitable for ergonomic positions where you will remain static or sitting upright while tasking.
In a synchro-tilt mechanism, the backrest and the seat pan move at different angles, usually a 2:1 ratio. The backrest may recline two inches back while the seat tilts up by an inch.
The synchro-tilt mechanism also has tension control and multiple locking positions. It allows you to rock back in a comfortable position without causing the seat to move up and lifting your feet off the ground.
The main distinction of a weight-sensitive or mechanism-free design is the lack of knobs or levers needed to control the locking, tension, or tilting of the chair. You simply adjust the chair to your height, and it automatically adapts to your height and weight.
While a chair with a weight-sensitive mechanism doesn’t come with a lockable function, it will spontaneously recline and put you in a good ergonomic position when tilting or moving in the chair. Ergonomic chairs with weight-sensitive mechanisms offer a more minimalistic aesthetic, and the lack of levers makes them more user-friendly.
To learn more about tilt mechanisms, here is a video demonstrating how they differ from each other:
Side by Side Comparison: Is tilt the same as recline?
How do they work?
The main difference between tilt and recline lies in the movement of the chair.
Tilt pertains to the movement wherein your posture does not change as you lean back on your chair. Your spine remains perpendicular to your legs as the seat tilts upward while the backrest drops.
There are, however, various tilt mechanisms, as mentioned above, where the seat pan tilts independently from the backrest.
On the other hand, a recline refers to the adjustment of the angle of the chair’s backrest while the rest of the chair stays in place. Unlike the tilt motion, a recline changes your body’s position while keeping your hips parallel to the floor while your backdrops.
Like chairs with a tilt mechanism, reclining chairs can also be locked at a reclining position.
A reclining office chair relieves stress by providing excellent back support. Most reclining chairs nowadays also have cushiony backrests and seat pans that offer maximum comfort.
Not only does a reclined position open up your hips, but it also keeps your neck and chin upright and chest and shoulder open by letting gravity do the work. It also reduces the spinal load from sitting at a 90-degree angle for long periods.
Reclining, however, can be bad for the knees. Because your hips and legs stay in place when you recline, the knees take the pressure when you bring your upper body back up to an upright position.
This is where tilting chairs come in. Because the legs remain perpendicular to your spine when you tilt backward, you don’t put pressure on your knees or legs when you come back up.
A forward tilt motion can also enforce good posture. By tilting the front of the seat up or down, the pressure on the lower back is reduced, and blood flow to the legs and feet is improved.
Tilt or Recline?
In a workplace, a tilting office chair is preferred if the user does some heavy taskings. Office chairs with tilting mechanisms allow users to work properly in an upright position and when the chair is tilted forward or back.
Meanwhile, a reclining chair is more suitable for workers who like to relax in their office chairs, for instance, during breaks or when working double shifts. Some reclining office chairs sprawl up to a 175-degree angle, allowing users to fully relax, nap, or even sleep.
Most tilting chairs, on the other hand, usually recline at an ideal sitting angle of around 110 to 135 degrees.
|The whole chair tips backward when you lean.||Only the backrest reclines when you lean backward.|
|Helps maintain good posture when you tilt backward or forward||Offers excellent back support but puts pressure on the knees when you come back up|
|Best for people who do heavy taskings at work||Best for people who like to relax or sleep in their office chairs|
Comparing office chair tilt vs. recline is essential in determining the best way to sit comfortably as you work. Both have different features that can relieve pain caused by prolonged sitting.
However, whichever feature you choose, or no matter how comfortable you already are with your office chair, remember to stretch regularly. Static posture is not good for you, and moving from time to time will help you become more productive.
My name is Vance, and I am the owner of To Ergonomics. Our mission is to improve your workflow by helping you create a supportive and welcoming environment. We hope that you’ll find what you’re looking for while you’re here.